Us Peru Trade Promotion Agreement
Prior to the implementation of the free trade agreement, the Peruvian government withdrew existing environmental protection measures to implement the provisions of the free trade agreement regarding the rights of foreign investors to access forestry, mines and other natural resources. These included access to sensitive Amazonian areas over which indigenous communities had control of the FTA, in accordance with Peruvian law.  Protests by indigenous Amazonian communities against the implementation of the free trade agreement and associated new foreign investors using indigenous land rights have been fatal. By contrast, when the opposition recovered, a confrontation had already taken place in June 2009 near the town of Bagua, in the northern Amazon province, which, according to official figures, killed 34 people.  In the face of these widespread riots, the Peruvian Congress repealed two additional decrees that redefined forests to allow for more logging and mining.  (Note: This html version of the agreements was created by SICE. On 18 November 2003, the USTR informed the US Congress of the government`s intention to begin free trade negotiations with Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, all of which are beneficiaries of the Air Preferences Act (ATPA). Peru, along with Colombia and Ecuador and Bolivia, opened free trade negotiations with the United States on 18 May 2004. After thirteen rounds of negotiations, Peru and the United States concluded the negotiations on 7 December 2005.
On January 6, 2006, the President of the United States communicated to Congress his intention to conclude a free trade agreement with the Republic of Peru, and on April 12, 2006, Peru and the United States signed the U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA). A folk agreement must be negotiated between the two parties before the goods are eligible for this provision. Once a country has negotiated a folk agreement, the goods can be registered under the number HTS 9822.06.25 in addition to their chapter number 1-97. To date, there has been no mutual agreement; a Transmittal Textile Book (TBT) is issued when an agreement is reached. On the night of June 27, 2006, the Peruvian Congress debated the agreement for six hours and ratified it in the early hours of the next day. The vote was held by 79 votes in and 14 against and 7 abstentions.  The United States